The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, belongs to the most spectacular and enchanting natural wonders, featuring beautifully colored and dancing light displays in the sky predominantly, in the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the earth. The phenomenon was named this way by Galileo Galilei (1564-1642, Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher), by combining the name of the Roman goddess of dawn, Aurora, and the Greek name for the north wind, Boreas.
The celestial phenomenon is caused by the collision of electrically charged particles from the Sun (electrons and protons, the so called solar wind) with magnetospheric charged particles when entering the Earth's high altitude atmosphere. In a few words the cause for this phenomenon is electrons hitting air particles, causing them to light up, thus producing tiny flashes that fill the sky with colourful light. As billions of these tiny flashes occur in sequence, the lights appear to move or dance.
The colours of the aurora are determined by the composition of gases in the Earth's atmosphere, the altitude at which the aurora occurs, the density of the atmosphere, and the level of energy involved. The aurora is seen in a variety of forms, e.g., as patches of light, in the form of bands, curtains or streamers of coloured light. In the northern hemisphere, the lights are named aurora borealis, or northern lights, while in the southern hemisphere they are called aurora australis, or southern lights.
Meeting the Northern Lights, a video with beautiful images accompanied by the music of Vangelis - Rachel's Song and Blade Runner theme
Another beautiful video devoted to the Northern Lights by Laurent Cousineau, CEO and Founder of The Climate Change Guide (http://www.climate-change-guide.com/). The soundtrack is a classical version of Clocks (Made Famous by Coldplay) from Jurgen Johannes & The Orchestral Academy of Los Angeles.
"The Aurora" from northern Norway & Russia was shot in and around Kirkenes and Pas National Park bordering Russia, at 70 degree north and 30 degrees east, with temperatures around -25 Celsius. Terje Sørgjerd, a passionate landscape photographer and filmmaker from Norway, spent a week capturing one of the biggest aurora borealis shows in recent years.
"Celestial Lights", an amazing stop motion based video about the northern lights shot in the northern parts of Norway, Finland and Sweden during autumn 2011, winter and spring 2012 by Ole C. Salomonsen, a dedicated and passionate landscape, nature/astro photographer based in Tromsø, in arctic northern Norway (http://www.arcticlightphoto.no/). This video contains recordings from some of the most spectacular auroral displays Ole has ever witnessed. For this video he did shoot approx 150.000 exposures from sept.2011 - april.2012. The video is a merge of two parts; the first part contains some more wild and aggressive auroras, as well as a few milky way sequences, hence either auroras are moving fast because they are, or they are fast due to motion of the milky way / stars. The second part has some more slow and majestic auroras, where Ole has focused more on composition and foreground.
"Eldur Á Himni, Fire In The Sky", an amazing and compelling time-lapse sequences of Aurora Borealis shot in Iceland over the winter of 2013/2014 by Boris Schaarschmidt is an award-winning filmmaker and alumnus of the American Film Institute’s prestigious directing program (http://www.borisschaarschmidt.com/)
"The amazing northern lights" from Finland by the Finnish Tourist Board for Visit Finland (http://www.visitfinland.com/). According to an ancient Finnish beliefs the Northern Lights occur when fire-made foxes run across the Arctic fells sending sparks up in the sky with their tail. The Northern Lights are just the sparks from the tails of the foxes brushing up the crystals of the snow into the sky.
"Aurora Borealis, Northern Lights in real speed". In the video below the Northern Lights live in real and true motion showing how they appear in true speed as the photographer Jerry MagnuM Porsbjer saw them over Moskosel in Lapland, Sweden, close to the Arctic Circle Mars 12, 2011 (http://www.magnumphoto.se/). The music is an Norwegian traditional Yoik (Lappish song) set to music by Ronald Vikström (http://www.ronaldvikstrom.com/)
"The Night of the Northern Lights", a fantastic timelapse video of the 2014 aurora activity over Caithness, in northern Scotland, by Polish photographer Maciej Winiarcyzk (http://www.wildnorthskies.com/). On 25th February 2014 Sun produced X4.9 flare which on 27th February caused G2 (KP 6) geomagnetic storm on Earth. It was the brightest aurora display so far during this solar maximum which I could witness with auroral displays overhead in the far north of Scotland. This short movie illustrates what has been seen from latitude 58.3 degrees north.
The next two videos show the Aurora Borealis as filmed in Russia, Murmansk area, Apatity-Kirovsks by Russian photographer Valentin Zhiganov (http://www.photosight.ru/users/49605/) in years 2012 and 2011.