The famous Greek hoplites were citizen-soldiers of the Ancient Greek city-states, primarily free citizens who were expected to take part in any military campaign when called for duty and individually responsible for procuring their armour and weapon. The Hoplites were armed as spearmen and fought in a phalanx formation (a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, or similar weapons.). The word "hoplite" (Greek hoplitēs) seems to derived from "hoplon", the type of the shield used by the soldiers, although, as a word, "hopla" could also denote weapons held or even full armament.
Please find out more in Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoplites
Below a Tribute to the Ancient Greek Warriors by the " Group. The Association of Historical Studies “KORYVANTES” is a Cultural Organisation , researching and applying experimentally the Military Heritage of the Greeks from the Bronze Age to the late Byzantium.
“Modern Spartan Warriors - in the same river twice?” by the Greek “Spartiatikes Mores”, a team of people who love the ancient Greek tradition and the Hellenic view of life. Aim of the team is the honoring of heroes in national and public feasts, and particularly in ceremonies and events of memory of ancient heroes and personalities. The group is rrenacting the Ancient Greeks from the archaic period in Greece (750 BC – 480 BC), the classical period in Greece (480 BC-322 BC) and the Hellenistic period in Greece (323 BC-146 BC).